Fueling the Gilded Age
Railroads, Miners, and Disorder in Pennsylvania Coal Country
By Andrew B. Arnold.
color laminated hardcover, 7x10", 287 pages, 15 halftones. 2014.
"If the railroads won the Gilded Age, the coal industry lost it.
'Railroads epitomized modern management, high technology, and vast economies of scale. By comparison, the coal industry was embarrassingly primitive. Miners and operators dug coal, bought it, and sold it in 1900 in the same ways that they had for generations. In the popular imagination, coal miners epitomized anti-modern forces as the so-called "Molly Maguire" terrorists.
"Yet the sleekly modern railroads were utterly dependent upon the disorderly coal industry. Railroad managers demanded that coal operators and miners accept the purely subordinate role implied by their status. They refused.
"Fueling the Gilded Age shows how disorder in the coal industry disrupted the strategic plans of the railroads. It does so by expertly intertwining the history of two industries – railroads and coal mining – that historians have generally examined from separate vantage points. It shows the surprising connections between railroad management and miner organizing; railroad freight rate structure and coal mine operations; railroad strategy and strictly local legal precedents. It combines social, economic, and institutional approaches to explain the Gilded Age from the perspective of the relative losers of history rather than the winners. It beckons readers to examine the still-unresolved nature of America’s national conundrum: how to reconcile the competing demands of national corporations, local businesses, and employees."
"Andrew B. Arnold is Chair of the History Department at Kutztown University of Pennsylvania."
Table of Contents
- List of Illustrations vii
- About Lewis Hine’s Photographs ix
- Introduction: Railroads, Miners, and Disorder in the Gilded Age, 1870–1900 1
- Part I. Hubris
- 1. Cultural: Coal Mining and Community, 1872 15
- 2. Formal: The Right to Strike, 1875 35
- 3. Secret: Regional Leadership Networks, 1875–1882 63
- Part II. Humility
- 4. Compromise: The Great Upheaval in Coal, 1886 91
- Part III. Stalemate
- 5. Origins: New Organizational Forms, 1886–1890 119
- 6. Association: Organization and Industry, 1890–1894 153
- 7. National Scale: A Living Wage for Capital and for 185 Labor, 1895–1902
- Conclusion: Failures of Order in the Gilded Age 221
- Acknowledgments 233 Notes 241
- Index 269
- About the Author 277