Harriman vs. Hill
Wall Street’s Great Railroad War
By Larry Haeg.
Cloth with dust jacket, 384 pages, 20 b/w photos, 2 maps, 6x9". October 2013.
"I first read about the Northern Pacific Corner when I was ten years old. When I opened my office on January 1, 1962, I put on the wall a framed copy of the New York Times of May 10, 1901, describing the fateful prior day. Larry Haeg now tells the full story, and I enjoyed every word of it. - Warren Buffett
"In 1901, the Northern Pacific was an unlikely prize: a twice-bankrupt construction of the federal government, it was a two-bit railroad (literally—five years back, its stock traded for twenty-five cents a share).
But it was also a key to connecting eastern markets through Chicago to the rising West.
"Two titans of American railroads set their sights on it: James J. Hill, head of the Great Northern and largest individual shareholder of the Northern Pacific, and Edward Harriman, head of the Union Pacific and the Southern Pacific. The subsequent contest was unprecedented in the history of American enterprise, pitting not only Hill against Harriman but also Big Oil against Big Steel and J. P. Morgan against the Rockefellers, with a supporting cast of enough wealthy investors to fill the ballroom of the Waldorf Astoria.
"The story, told here in full for the first time, transports us to the New York Stock Exchange during the unfolding of the earliest modern-day stock market panic. Harriman vs. Hill re-creates the drama of four tumultuous days in May 1901, when the common stock of the Northern Pacific rocketed from one hundred ten dollars a share to one thousand in a mere seventeen hours of trading—the result of an inadvertent “corner” caused by the opposing forces. Panic followed and then, in short order, a calamity for the “shorts,” a compromise, the near-collapse of Wall Street brokerages and banks, the most precipitous decline ever in American stock values, and the fastest recovery.
"Larry Haeg brings to life the ensuing stalemate and truce, which led to the forming of a holding company, briefly the biggest railroad combine in American history, and the U.S. Supreme Court ruling against the deal, launching the reputation of Justice Oliver Wendell Holmes as the “great dissenter” and President Theodore Roosevelt as the “trust buster.” The forces of competition and combination, unfettered growth, government regulation, and corporate ambition—all the elements of American business at its best and worst—come into play in the account of this epic battle, whose effects echo through our economy to this day."
"Larry Haeg is former executive vice president of corporate communications for Wells Fargo & Company and a former broadcast journalist."
Dramatis Personae, 1901
Introduction: A Railroad World
1. Mr. Morgan and Mr. Hill
2. Mr. Harriman and Mr. Schiff
3. The End of the “Days of Small Things”
4. The Battle for the Burlington
5. “Peacemakers” Arming for Combat
6. “The Weak Link in Your Chain”
7. The Consequences of a “Hostile Act”
8. Decision at Temple Emanu-El
9. “Hell is Empty and All the Devils are Here”
10. Northern Insecurities
11. The “Big Stick”
12. A Thunderbolt out of the Blue
13. Great Cases and Bad Law
Epilogue: The Last Corner
Associate Justice Holmes Dissent
1901 Wall Street Primer